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The Lazurit Central Design Bureau Joint Stock Co. for almost sixty years has been designing various subsea vessels and developing deep water rescue facilities against the orders of the Russian Navy, and it is the only Russian design bureau which possesses the required expertise to develop such products. The green years of the Lazurit CDB, maturing of its innovative team took place in the mid-XXth century - the “golden” age of combat submarines, the improvement of which was essentially contributed to by the Nizhny Novgorod submarine designers who had created a series of distinctive and unique ships.
The company history dates back to 1953, when SKB-112 (later on- Lazurit CDB) was founded on the basis of the special-purpose design bureau (“SKB” in Russian) of the Krasnoye Sormovo Shipyard. It was to address several tasks such as designing submarines of medium displacement, modification and retrofit of submarines of Project 613, as well as technical support of all factories and shipyards engaged in their construction.
The core of the SKB-112 design team was formed from the designers of the Central Design Bureau of the Krasnoye Sormovo Shipyard who in the prewar and war years supported the construction of submarines, provided designing of transport docks, as well as participated in the repair of submarines at acceptance and naval bases. Those designers who participated in the update of drawings of Series XV submarine (namely, technology adaptation for the production facilities), supported construction of Project 613 submarines and participated in the construction of T-34 tanks during the war at the shipyard were also engaged.
A major role in the team formation and training of the bureau staff was played by the fact that during the war several designers of CDB-18 (Rubin) from Leningrad were evacuated to Gorky, where they, together with the designers of the Krasnoye Sormovo Shipyard, facilitated the construction of S-series submarines and shared their specific "submarine" experience with the Gorkovites.
In 1954 V.P.Vorobev – a 41-year-old naval engineer, a graduate of the Gorky Industrial Institute, ex-Chief Engineer of SKB-112, and earlier - Deputy Chief Engineer of the Krasnoye Sormovo Shipyard - was appointed Head of SKB-112.
Since the first days of the company’s existence an essential amount of developments has been devoted to designing of combat submarines. Besides the development of drawings and design documents the newly founded bureau was entrusted to carry out numerous modifications of Project 613 submarine (almost over 400 lines of activities), design works were also in the plan, in particular, development of Preliminary Design of the mid-size submarine of Project 633, Preliminary Designs of the mid-size submarine with special weapons of Project 655, the large transport submarine of Project 648, the underwater diving base of Project 657.